Strategy for the Liberation of Palestine – No Revolutionary Party Without Revolutionary Theory


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XIII. No Revolutionary Party Without Revolutionary Theory 

The  basis in the structure of the revolutionary  party is the  revolutionary  theory  to  which it  adheres. Without this theory the party becomes a mere group moving spontaneously or empirically and cannot  be that force  that  is capable of controlling events. Revolutionary theory means clear  vision and  scientific approach  in  the  understanding and analysis of events and manifestations, and consequently the ability to lead.

The revolutionary theory which presents all questions relating to humanity and the age in a scientific and revolutionary manner is Marxism. In the history of human endeavour   to   acquire knowledge,  Marxism   represents a unique attempt  in understanding nature, life, society  and history. Marxism has presented a theory  (dialectical materialism) which analyses and explains nature and its motion and the laws   governing  this motion   through a tangible scientific material  approach  which is devoid of  illusion, superstition,  subjective  meditation,  and   imagination  and mere verbal or logical inferences. It  has then applied this same tangible scientific material approach to the study  of society, the movement of society and the march of history (historical  materialism),  stopping  particularly  before  the formation,   structure,   conflicts  and   movement  of  modern capitalist  society (theory  of surplus  value and scientific socialism). Through  all  this,  Marxism  has  presented  a  dialectical  scientific  approach   which  has  elevated  the  study of  history,  society and  political  manifestations  to the  level of  science.  As  the  natural  sciences  are  man’s  means   for controlling  the  phenomena  of  nature  and  using  them   for his  benefit, so is Marxism  the science which enables   man to  understand  the  progress of societies  and  history  and  to direct  and  influence  them.  Lenin  completed  Marx’s  scientific efforts  by  applying  the  same  Marxist  method  to   the study of  capitalism  in  its  evolution  towards  the  stage  of centralisation, monopoly  and  colonisation,  thus  explaining all  political  manifestations  and  events  which  attended  the beginning  of  the  20th  century.  On  the  basis  of  Marxism and the  socialist  scientific  approach  he  was able  to  lead with success the first socialist revolution in history,  to draw up its strategy, to face its  problems  and  to define the features  of  the  top  of  the  revolutionary  organization    which led  it  on   the  way  to  victory.  In  this  way  Lenin  gave Marxist   theory  its  revolutionary   modern  applications    so that  Marxism-Leninism   has  become the  standard  of  revolution in this period of human  history. Like all other  scientific  theories,  this  theory  has  passed  its  validity  test   on the experimental  ground  of actuality  and  practice  and  has consequently  acquired  during  this century  all its requisites as a science. The final test of any theory or law is the compatibility  of  the  test  with  that  theory  or  law,  and  this  is exactly  what  happened  in  the  case of  Marxism.  The  October  Revolution,  the revolutions  in China,  Cuba,   and Vietnam  and  all  revolutionary  experiences  throughout   the world have arisen originally  on  the strength  of this theory. This  picture  contrasts   with  the  stumbling  confusion   and collapse  of  all  revolutionary  attempts  that  have  not   been based  on  this  vision, this  theory  and  this  guide.  It  is  not a  mere  coincidence  that  the  October  Revolution  and   the revolutions   in  China,  Cuba,  North  Korea,  Vietnam   and the  socialist  countries  of Europe  have succeeded and stood firm  in  the  face of  imperialism  and  in  overcoming  or  beginning  to    overcome    their    state  of    underdevelopment, against the quasi-paralysis or infirmity characterising  the countries of the   Third World   which are not   committed scientifically  to scientific socialist  theory  as their  guideline for  planning  all their   policies and    defining  their    programmes.

The  tangible materialist  scientific pursuit  of the events and  revolutions of thisc entury is the concrete  proof of the validity of Marxist theory.

Marxism   as  a  revolutionary   theoretical   weapon  depends on  the  manner  in  which it is understood  on the one hand  and  its  correct  application   to  a  particular   circumstance or particular  stage on the other. The essence of Marxism is the method  which it represents  in  viewing and  analysing things and  in determining  the direction  of  their  motion.                 Consequently,    the  revolutionary     understanding  of Marxism  is the understanding  of it as a working guide and not  as  a  fixed,  rigid, doctrine.  Lenin  and  Mao  Tse  Tung. and  before them  Marx  and Engels, have recorded  on more than  one occasion the  need for the Marxist  view as a working guide and not as a rigid doctrine.

The  essence of  the  Marxist  view of  human  society  is that  it is in continuous  motion and continuous  change, and consequently  any  analysis  presented  by  Marxism  in   respect of any  stage or  any  actuality  arising  constantly   from the old actuality. The invariable factor in Marxism is  its dialectical  scientific  approach   in  viewing  things  in   their state  of  continuous   motion  and  change.  This  method   is Marxism  in  its  essence. It is the  revolutionary   theoretical weapon  which  enables  us  to  view  things  scientifically   in their state of continuous motion, development and change. Contemporary    capitalism  is not   the  same    capitalism  of Marx’s  time  without  alteration   or  change,  and  the   class structure  of a backward  society is not the same class structure as that of an industrial society. The nationalist manifestation  which  the  European   bourgeoisie  tried  to  exploit to serve its interests  is not  the  same  nationalist  manifestation  appearing   in  backward  countries   where  nationalism acquires a revolutionary concept as the framework for the mobilisation  of  enslaved  peoples  against  imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism.

Understanding   Marxism  in  a  manner  which  enables us to take in all these differences and to benefit from  the revolutionary   theory   provided  by  the  revolutions  of   this century and   from all the  theoretical efforts   which have emanated  from  and  enriched  Marxism  instead  of stopping and  becoming fossilised at  its frontiers is in fact  the scientific  Marxist   understanding   of  this  theory.  The  contrary is  true  of  any  attitude   towards  Marxism  as  a  fixed  doctrine.

Theory  in the  Marxist  concept  is constantly  in continuous  dialectical  relation  with actuality  and  practice.    The fact that  it is in   dialectical  relation    with practice    means, that  it  is  in  a  state  of  growth,  progress  and  modification and  not in a fixed state.

The most dangerous  thing that  confronts  us in our adherence  to  Marxist  theory  is understanding  it in a  mechanical,  idealistic  manner  which  deprives  it of  its  ability   to explain  the  living  actuality.  The  benefit  which  we  obtain from  reading  and  understanding  the  writings of  Marx  and Lenin is confined to the limits of the  knowledge presented by  these  writings,  whereas  the  true  benefit  is  that  which we get when, through our deep  assimilation  of these  writings, we acquire  the  method  presented  by Marxism-Leninism   in   understanding,    explaining   and   confronting    the problems of society, history and revolutionary  action. Marxism  as  a  tool  for  analysis  and  as  a  working  guide  is the weapon  which  we seek  by  acquiring  this  theory.  On   this basis,  adherence  to  Marxism-Leninism   will  not    produce any effect unless such adherence  results in using this theory arid applying it in understanding  actual conditions  and formulating  the  working strategy  which determines  the nature  of the stage, the  nature  of the  battle,  the  definition  of the conflicting forces and our view of the movement of this conflict,   as  well  as  the  thorough   comprehension   of  the concrete  circumstances   through  which we move.  By     this alone –  that  is,  the  application  of  Marxism-Leninism   to our  actual  living  circumstances  and  the  battle  which   we are fighting:  our adherence  to the Marxist-Leninist  theory becomes meaningful  and capable  of being translated  into results.  It  would  be a  gross  error  to imagine  that   our mere  declaration  of  adherence  to  Marxism-Leninism  is  a fairy  wand  which will open  before  us the  road  to  victory. If there  are  examples  of  what  Marxism-Leninism   has  represented   in  respect to  certain  revolutions,  such  as  those of  China  and  Vietriam,  there  are  corresponding  examples where adherence  to Marxism-Leninism  has not  led to anything. The Arab  communist  parties which are formally  and verbally  committed   to  Marxism-Leninism  have  not   been able to lead the revolution in our homeland because their commitment  has  been verbal, or  because they  have  under­ stood  the  theory  in  a  rigid  and  fossilised  manner,  or   because they have not been able to apply this theoretical  weapon  to our  actual  living circumstances  in  such  a  way   as to deduce  from  it a  clear  view of  the  battle  and  a  sound   strategy for its leadership.

Our  commitment   to  scientific  socialist  theory  would be  mere  verbiage,  mere  illusion  and  escapism,  unless  this commitment  means a mature  comprehension of  this theory by our  leading  members  in  the  first  place  and  our   party bases  in general.  Such comprehension cannot  be  achieved without  a great  study  effort  which must  be exerted  over  a long period. On  the other  hand,  the value  of this commitment  depends  on  the  nature  of our  understanding  of   this theory  as a tool of analysis,  as a method  in handling questions  of  revolutionary  action  and  as  a  working  guide, and ot as  a  rigid  theory.  The acquisition  of  Marxist-Leninist approach  should  be  the  purpose  of  this effort  and   study. Furthermore, the  value  of  our  commitment   to  Marxism.­ Leninism  lies eventually in the application  of this approach to  the  conditions  of  our  struggle  for  the  purpose  of  formulating    revolutionary  strategy    and  tactics.   Unless  we raise  our  commitment  to  Marxism-Leninism  to  this  level, it  will  remain  a  commitment  of  intellectuals  to  a  theory which  serves  them  in discussion  and  not  the  commitment of a  revolutionary  party  to  a  theory  which  opens  before it  a clear  view of  the  battle. Finally,  the definitive  usefulness of this all depends  on  the great  efforts which must be displayed for the sound application of this strategy,  for otherwise  it would  remain  a mere  plan  which will not  see the light of day.

Such commitment  with these meanings and  results will prepare    for  the   spread  of leftist   revolutionary   thought among   the  masses   of  our   people   and  will  enable   this thought to overcome the obstacles laid in its way. The masses of our  people will not define  their  position  with regard to scientific socialist  thought  in  the light of , a purely  theoretical  judgement  of  this  thought.  Their  position  will  be defined  in  the  light  of  the  tangible  results  produced   by this thought  with  regard  to  their  fight  against  their   enemies and exploiters. When this thought succeeds in converting  the Palestinian  and  Arab  field  into  a  rising  popular liberation  war  arena  which  will shake  the  Israeli-Zionist­ imperialist-reactionary presence in our  homeland,  as is taking  place  in  Vietnam,  these  masses  will realise  that   this theory  was   their  most   powerful    weapon   in their   fight against  their  enemies. In this way all obstacles both  real and  imaginary,  which  stand  in  the  face of this  theory   today will disappear.

The  thought  which  now  prevails  among  our  masses is the rightist  thought  because of the preponderance  of reaction  and  colonialism. Moreover,  the  failure  of  the communist  parties  and  their  attitude  towards  the issues of the masses, such as those of unity, nationalism and Israel, has produced in the minds of the masses a confusion between Marxist  thought  and  these  attitudes.  To  all  this  must  be added  the  constant attempts  by  the  reactionary  and  colonialist elements  to  distort  this  thought  and  present  it   as inimical  to  their    national  feeling  and    heritage.    Finally there  is  the distorted  picture  of  this  thought  presented   to the  masses by the immature,  infantile  leftism which speaks of this  thought  in a manner  that  is not  understood  by  the masses,  a  manner   that  appears   strange  to  them  and   to the handling  of  their  urgent  problems. However,  the  positive results produced by the sound understanding and application  of  Marxism-Leninism   will assure  this  thought   of finding  its  way in  our  homeland  so  that  we may  be  able on  its basis to build our  new life, our scientific understanding of life and our  new modem  values.

Within   this  context  the  Popular   Front   adopts   Marxist-Leninist  theory  as a basic  strategic  line for  the  building  of  the  revolutionary  party  on  a  solid  theoretical  basis  which  will  unify  its  thinking  and  view  of  the   battle and  will enable  it to mobilise  the masses to exert  their  efforts  in one   direction  which   will make  of    them  a  solid force capable of achieving victory.

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