XII. Organizational Strategy
The people’s liberation war against imperialism with its technological superiority, its production and economic capabilities, its long experience in colonising and exploiting peoples, suppressing their movement and neutralising their revolution with new techniques which are developed and adapted according to the circumstances of the age cannot be brought into existence nor can it continue and finally triumph in an automatic or spontaneous manner. The revolutionary party which works for the generation of such wars and leads them to victory is a condition sine qua non for any true radical revolution in our time. It is the party which provides a proper view of the battle and determines its strategy and tactics in the light of its objective study of the forces involved in the battle and the points of weakness or strength in these forces. It is the party which provides the battle with its leadership and furnishes the frame within which all the potentialities of the masses will be mobilised and directed to the winning of the war and the attainment of the objective. In the light of this, party matters (our understanding of the party, the bases of its construction, its class structure, its working technique, its institutions, the relations governing its bases and leadership and relations between the party and the masses) no longer remain of secondary importance. Organizational strategy here become an integral part of the strategy of the battle and its view thereof. The theoretical discussion which has for some time been taking place between the revolutionary forces of Latin America (the Castroist parties) and the pro Soviet or pro-Chinese communist parties revolves primarily around matters pertaining to the structure of the revolutionary party which will lead the revolution.
The failure of leftist national parties and communist parties in the Arab world is the failure of these parties themselves and of their structure, formation and adopted strategies, and not of the principle of the party’s existence as a condition for the revolutionary presence. The proof is that no revolution in this century has succeeded and continued in triumph, nor has any such revolution achieved radical change in the structure of society and given new life to the masses without a party to lead it and provide it with the ideological and social class basis on which it rests and supports itself, so that it is able to continue to exist by virtue of its objective connection with it.