II. Who Are Our Enemies?
In his article, ” Analysis of the Classes of Chinese Society “ (March 1926) Mao Tse Tung writes :
“Who are our enemies? Who are our friends?
This is a question of the first importance for the revolution. The basic reason why all previous revolutionary struggles in China achieved so little is their failure to unite with real friends in order to attack real enemies. A revolutionary party is the guide of the masses, and no revolution ever succeeds when the revolutionary party leads them astray. To ensure that we will definitely achieve success in our revolution and will not lead the masses astray, we must pay attention to uniting with our real friends in order to attack our real enemies.. We must make a general analysis of the economic status of the various classes in Chinese society and of their respective attitudes towards the revolution.” (1)
Who, then, are our enemies ?
Political thinking behind any revolution commences by posing this question and replying to it. Admittedly, the masses of our Palestinian people have not yet answered this in a clear, specific and conclusive manner. Without a clear definition of the enemy, a clear view of the battle becomes impossible.
The evaluation of the adversary by our masses has been an emotional process until now. When we achieve a few partial victories there prevails among the masses a general atmosphere which belittles the enemy’s power, imagining the battle to be a quick and easy one in which it is possible for us to triumph within a short period. On the other hand, when the enemy deals us severe blows we sometimes go to the other extreme and imagine our enemy as an invincible force.
It is evident that with such emotional vacillation, it is impossible for us to have a scientific view of the battle or to plan intelligently and with perseverance for winning it.
The time has come for our masses to understand the true nature of the enemy because, through such understanding, the picture of the battle becomes clear to them.
In our battle for liberation we first face Israel as a political. military and economic entity which is trying to effect the maximum military mobilisation of its two and a half million nationals to defend its aggressive expansionist racial structure and prevent us from regaining our land, our freedom and our rights.
This enemy enjoys a marked technological superiority which is clearly reflected by the standard of its armament and training and by the dynamism of its movement. It also enjoys a great ability to mobilise resulting from its feeling that it is waging a life-or-death battle and that consequently it has no alternative but to defend itself until its last breath.
This ability to mobilise and this technological superiority must be kept in our minds at all times throughout our confrontation with the enemy. It is not by chance that we hitherto lost all our battles with this enemy, and it would be a big mistake to give partial or haphazard explanation to our defeats. Understanding the true nature of the enemy is the first step to strategic planning for victory. But is Israel the only enemy that we are facing in the battle? It would be a gross error to confine our view of the enemy to Israel alone, for then we should be like one who imagines that he is in conflict with one man, only to find himself face to face with ten men for whom he is not prepared.
(2) World Zionist Movement
Israel is in reality an integral part of the world Zionist movement – indeed, it is an offshoot of this movement. Thus, in our battle with Israel. we are facing, not the State of Israel alone, but an Israel whose structure is founded on the strength of the Zionist movement. Zionism as a racial religious movement is trying to organise and recruit 14 million Jews in all parts of the world to support Israel, protect its aggressive existence and consolidate and expand this existence. This support is not confined to moral backing: it is really and basically a material support which providing Israel with more people, more money, more arms, more technical knowhow and more alliances concluded by the movement by virtue of its influence, in addition to its support through publicity and propaganda in every part of the world. Thus, when we say that our enemy is Israel plus the Zionist movement we do not add to our enemy a mere string of words but a material force of a certain size which we must take into account in making our calculations for the battle.
In the present report we confine ourselves to this general view of Israel and the world Zionist movement, but we must refer to the necessity of making a precise and detailed study of Israel and the world Zionist movement. Far from obstructing the genera I view, such a study would confirm this view and make it more palpable, thus enabling us to get rid of any superficial imagination about our enemy.
Some interest has been displayed in recent years in the study of Israel and the world Zionist movement. Such studies place before us the facts about this enemy and the political, military, economic and social aspects of its life. Our political and military cadres are expected to read these studies regardless of the political trend governing the writers’ line of thinking because, from particular data and facts, and through detailed information, we will have a true, concrete picture of the enemy whom we are fighting.
It must be pointed out that the enemy facing us and represented by Israel and Zionism is naturally governed by a number of conflicts both inside Israel, as in any other society, and between Israel and the world Zionist movement.
These conflicts must be for us a subject of constant study and research. The growth of the resistance movement will undoubtedly increase the acuity of these conflicts so that we may be able to channel them to serve the interest of the liberation battle. As far as the coming battle is concerned these contradictions have not reached a degree which hampers the full concentration and consolidation taking place inside Israel and the world Zionist movement. For us the picture of the enemy must remain that of a camp which is being strongly and efficiently concentrated and consolidated with technical skill and precise organization with the object of fully mobilizing the inhabitants of Israel and world Jewry to face us in this battle.
Now, does our perspective of the enemy stop at this limit?
Is this the picture of “all the enemy” we are facing?
We repeat that we would be committing a big mistake if we fail make scientific calculations for the battle if we allow and our perspective to stop at this limit.
In the battle for the liberation of Palestine, we are facing a third force, that of world imperialism led by the United States of America.